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BARNEY CALMAN: Cystic fibrosis sufferers get drug after endless talks

BARNEY CALMAN: After cystic fibrosis sufferers finally get a ‘wonder drug’ after endless talks, it’s time to ask – did it really have to be this difficult?

Dare we dream? Amid the flurry of tweets in response to our articles over the past fortnight that predicted the Government would soon strike a deal for a lifesaving cystic fibrosis drug, this simple sentence stood out. 

It summed up the hopes – and fears – of thousands of British families blighted by this horrible illness, which kills many sufferers before they reach their 40s. 

Last Tuesday, the drug, Kaftrio, was approved – and the dream finally became a reality, just as we had said it would. It was a watershed moment, and an end to many months of uncertainty. And the relief last week among both campaigners and those involved in the negotiations was palpable. 

The deal is, we can reveal, the biggest of its kind in NHS history – potentially amounting to £1billion over the next four years. 

But thousands of patients can now plan a future – one that’s not defined by pain, infections, hospital visits and gradually failing lungs. For those who are severely ill, the drug isn’t simply a lifeline, but a chance to live normally again. 

Over the past six months, in the run-up to last week’s announcement, the MoS has published a series of reports, lifting the lid on the secretive negotiations between NHS England and drug company Vertex on access to cystic fibrosis drugs. 

BARNEY CALMAN: The deal is, we can reveal, the biggest of its kind in NHS history – potentially amounting to £1billion over the next four years 

What was discussed during these talks is ‘commercially sensitive’, hence their shadowy nature – and patients were increasingly surprised that we knew so much. 

There are limits to what I can say, in order to protect the identity of our sources, but I’d like to take this opportunity to clarify a few points. We ran our first report last November, revealing that the Government had just signed a £100million deal for the now pretty much ‘obsolete’ cystic fibrosis drug Orkambi. 

It followed a row over cost for the tablets that began in 2017 – a dispute that dragged on so long that by the time an agreement was reached at the end of October 2019, the newer and vastly more effective Kaftrio was already being given to patients in America (where it’s known as Trikafta). 

When Orkambi was introduced in July 2015, it was the best drug on offer. Patients, of course, wanted access – the drug would, and has, made a difference. 

But overall the health improvements were often modest, many didn’t benefit, and many suffered intolerable side effects. Alone, it wasn’t worth the money. 

However, the drug’s maker, Vertex, was asking the NHS to invest in the future: buy Orkambi now, at the high price being asked for, and you can have Kaftrio when it comes out in a few years for no extra cost. A so-called pipeline deal. 

NHS England and its financial advisers, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), refused. Things became acrimonious. 

Vertex was repeatedly and publicly accused by our politicians and health chiefs of ‘poor practice’ for not ‘complying’ with their wishes and told they ‘ought to know better’. But by mid-2018 it was apparent from clinical trial results that Kaftrio was ‘the one’ everyone had been waiting for – ‘almost a cure’. 


BARNEY CALMAN: Over the past six months, in the run-up to last week’s announcement, the MoS has published a series of reports, lifting the lid on the secretive negotiations between NHS England and drug company Vertex on access to cystic fibrosis drugs

The company, really, held all the aces. And then, in May 2019 came a shocking decision that still makes little sense: the NHS agreed to take the triple therapy ‘off the table’ in talks, in order to get Orkambi at a lower price. 

In the run-up to the General Election, health chiefs had been under increasing pressure from Ministers to close the deal. But this ultimately meant three days after Kaftrio was approved in America, Orkambi – by then a five-year-old medicine that had been superseded – was given to UK patients. 

We were approached with the story by a group of whistleblowers, who told us how the NHS had not only ‘bought the wrong drug’ – but also that there was little hope of a resolution over Kaftrio. These were not the kind of people who normally talk to the press. But with a progressive condition such as cystic fibrosis, every single day counts – and they felt they could not afford further delay or deadlock. 

By making public what had been going on, they hoped to heap pressure on dealmakers to come to an agreement swiftly. And it worked. 

After our report, both parties returned to the negotiating table. Talks faltered again in May, but then came a breakthrough. Again, we ran stories to let them know that the world was watching. And finally, last week, came the result everyone had longed for. But did it have to be so difficult? 

The main lobbyists, the CF Trust, are a focal point in the cystic fibrosis community, providing ground-level support to families, giving advice and funding research. To say they are an integral part of thousands of patients lives is no understatement. 

But, as contentious as it is, there are some who say the Trust should not have campaigned for Orkambi, when the superior Kaftrio was on the near horizon. 

As far back as 2018, Kaftrio was already transforming the health of patients in trials. But when the drug was ‘taken off the table’ in talks, prior to the Orkambi deal last year, there appeared to be no public objection from them. 

It was common knowledge in the medical world by that time just how important Kaftrio was, so even some of those inside the Trust felt this was a missed opportunity. By the time the Kaftrio agreement was being thrashed out this year, the Trust appeared to have neither the ear of the Government, nor the drug company. 

Indeed, just a few weeks ago staff were reportedly told by boss David Ramsden that access to Kaftrio was ‘a long way off’ – at the very point that Ministers and Vertex were moving to close the deal. 

On Twitter, where cystic fibrosis campaigners are highly active, the Trust dismissed our reports that an agreement was close, saying it would be ‘months’ before anything happened. 

Given there was such urgency for the medicine during the Covid-19 pandemic – those with cystic fibrosis are at high risk – the mixed messages caused anxiety and upset. And, of course, the Trust was wrong in this instance. 

A CF Trust spokesman said: ‘We are incredibly proud to have worked alongside the cystic fibrosis community in the long campaign for life-saving medicines. The four-year battle to secure Orkambi was a critical step and it remains the only medicine suitable for many children. We have and will always fight for those with cystic fibrosis.’ 

And, to their credit, the Government and health chiefs have listened, and delivered. They did the deal they should have done almost a year ago – and, some feel they would have, if they’d been better advised by the CF Trust. 

In the end, the patients, parents, and concerned supporters who fought for Kaftrio dared to dream, and they won.  

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Health News

Breathing exercises that will help get you to sleep faster

There’s nothing worse than lying in bed unable to get to sleep. So whenever there’s a technique that promises to help you get to sleep faster, we’re all ears, especially if it’s something as simple as changing the way we breathe. “We know that the body, mind, and breath are all connected,” Peggy Lundquist of Gen X Mindfulness tells The List. “Understanding this can be used to our advantage because if we can bring about change in one of those pieces, change will inevitably come to the other two.” 

Lundquist continued, “Often, we can’t get to sleep because our wandering, sometimes even hyper, mind keeps us awake, tossing and turning. But, if we change our breathing pattern in a deliberate way, we will encourage change in our overactive mind, as well.” Sophie Jaffe, a health and wellness expert, as well as founder and CEO of Philosophie, agrees: “Those few moments before you drift off to sleep can be deeply healing,” she tells The List, introducing us to two different breathing techniques: butterfly breath and the 4-7-8 breathing method. 

Breathing techniques can work to calm the mind

According to Jaffe, the butterfly breathe technique is super simple and works to calm the mind. “You sit in a comfortable seated position and cross your arms over your chest, then begin to pat your hands on your shoulders and inhale, then look to the left as you exhale,” she explains to The List. “Inhale back at the center and exhale to your right,” she continues, adding that you should continue to repeat as necessary. If you’re a more visual person, Jaffe shared this adorable video of her son Leo demonstrating the technique.

The 4-7-8 breathing method, on the other hand, requires you to follow a few more steps. To begin, breathe out making a “whoosh sound”, then “close your mouth and inhale through your nose, counting to 4,” instructs Jaffe. “Hold your breath for seven seconds then exhale completely out your mouth for a total of 8 counts,” she continues, pointing out that you need to make a “whoosh sound” again before repeat the process four times. While it may seem odd at first, the more you do it, the more you’ll relax into it. Sweet dreams!

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Chrissy Teigen’s Pap Smear Selfie is a Reminder to Get Your Check-Up

Although regular preventative healthcare and check-ups have been lower priority in the pandemic (understandably), checking in with your healthcare providers about your body (your pap smears! breast cancer screenings! anything else that you might be concerned about!)  is important to make space for as you begin making tentative “normal” steps back into your routine. Chrissy Teigen — whose radical transparency about her body through modeling, childbirth, COVID-19 tests and recent surgeries on her breasts is always appreciated — shared a photo on Instagram of her latest round of preventative care — showing that it’s normal and important (albeit not so glamorous) to have a sit down with your doctor to make sure you aren’t missing something that’ll be a health concern down the line.

Cheerfully, Teigen captioned the post: “Don’t forget to keep up with your paps and have your boobs touched even though the world is ending!”

Which is good advice! Your pap smear can check for anything “abnormal” and help you and your healthcare provider get a better picture over time of your health risks and needs. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends you get screened for cervical cancer every three years in women age 21 to 65 years via a pap smear every three years (or, for women age 30 to 65 years who want to lengthen the screening interval, screening with a combination of cytology and HPV testing every five years. In the U.S., HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (with data showing 42.5 percent of adults between ages 18 and 59 reporting an HPV infection between 2013 and 2014, per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).

Fun fact: HPV is named for the warts that some of the more than 150 related viruses can cause. Though both men and women can get HPV, only women are tested regularly for it, as it can also cause cervical, vaginal and vulvar cancers.

Unfortunately, in the United States there is a percentage of women who are uninsured (12.4 percent) and underinsured, who see increased difficulty in accessing preventative care for themselves and their families. So it’s not necessarily care that is possible for everyone — particularly during a pandemic with staggering unemployment statistics and rent about to be due.

As the Daily Mail reported, Teigen also wrote: “Please get it done if you have the luxury to (this f—ing country.)”

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